Obtaining a D1 License

The D1 driving licence is a legal requirement for those drivers wanting to drive most types of minibus. If you passed your car driving test after 1st January 1997 you may not entitled to drive a minibus without taking additional tests.

In addition if you intend to drive a Minibus as part of your daily work you will also need to complete Driver CPC.

Although there are certain exceptions, this basically means that most drivers in or under their early/mid thirties will not be permitted to drive a Minibus.

Adding the D1 Minibus category to your license can seem a complicated process as it requires a number of steps but we will be there to help and guide you through it therefore making it as quick and painless as possible.


  • Apply for Minibus (D1) Provisional entitlement including Driver Medical report
  • Pass DVSA PCV Part 1a Theory and Part 1b Hazard Perception Tests
  • Pass DVSA PCV Part 3 D1 Practical Driving Test

If you or your driver requires Initial Driver CPC the following two steps will also be required:

  • Pass DVSA PCV Part 2 Case Studies Test
  • Pass DVSA PCV Part 4 D1 Practical Demonstration Test

You can Download and Print our handy ‘Step by Step’ guide to applying for your D1 License HERE

Applying for a Minibus provisional entitlement:

We can supply the forms required along with recommendations of firms who can conduct your medical.

To apply for Minibus provisional entitlements, you need to complete form D2 and medical report form D4.

Your D4 form has to be filled in by a doctor. You may need an optician to fill in the section about your eyesight if your doctor isn’t able to. The doctor and optician may charge you for doing this. Alternatively ou can also use a private firm specialising in drivers’ medical examinations.

Once complete you’ll need to send forms D2 and D4 plus your current photocard driving licence to DVLA. There is currently no application fee to add provisional entitlements to your existing car license.

You should recieve your new driving licence within 3 weeks of DVLA getting your application although this may take longer if your health or personal details need to be checked.

The DVSA PCV Part 1a Theory and Part 1b Hazard Perception Tests:

We can provide you with access to an online training system which will fully prepare you for both parts of the theory test.

The theory test is made up of 2 parts – multiple choice and hazard perception.

  • The multiple choice part made up of 100 questions with a pass mark of 85 out of 100.
  • The Hazard Perception Test consists of a number of short video clips. The pass mark for this is 67 out of 100.

When you’ve passed both parts, you’ll get sent your theory test certificate with your theory test number on it. You’ll need the theory test certificate number when you book your practical training and test.

Your theory test certificate is valid for 2 years from when you passed the first part of the test.

If you don’t take your practical test within 2 years of passing the first part of the test, you’ll have to retake that part again.

The DVSA PCV Part 2 Case Studies Test:

We will provide you with help and support throughout your preparation for the Case Studies.

The test is made up of 7 case studies you work through on a computer. The case studies are short stories based on situations that you’re likely to come across in your working life.

You’ll be asked between 6 and 8 multiple-choice questions on each case study.

The test lasts for 1 hour and 15 minutes, and the pass mark is 40 out of 50.

Your test result

You’ll get a letter with the results at the test centre.

You need the test pass reference number when you book your Driver CPC part 4 practical demonstration test.

The pass letter is valid for 2 years.

You need to pass the Driver CPC part 4 practical demonstration test within 2 years, otherwise you’ll have to pass the part 2 case studies test again.

The DVSA PCV Part 3 D1 Minibus Driver Practical Driving Test:

Once you have completed the above steps we will handle your practical test bookings for both Parts 3 and 4 for you.

Your practical test will last about 90 minutes and include:

  • vehicle safety questions
  • practical road driving
  • off-road exercises
  • Vehicle safety questions

During your practical road driving, the examiner will see how you:

  • use the vehicle controls
  • move away at an angle, uphill and downhill
  • use the mirrors
  • give appropriate signals
  • show awareness and anticipation of other road users’ intentions
  • manage your progress and control your vehicle speed
  • deal with hazards
  • select a safe place to stop

There will also be 10 minutes of independent driving, designed to test your ability to drive safely while making independent decisions.

The off-road exercise:

  • You will be asked to complete an ‘S’ shaped reverse into a bay

Test result

After you’ve taken the practical test your examiner will tell you if you’ve passed and explain how you did.

The pass mark is no more than 15 driving faults and no single serious or dangerous fault.

The DVSA PCV Part 4 Practical Demonstration Test:

You’re tested on being able to:

  • load the vehicle following safety rules and to keep it secure
  • stop trafficking in illegal immigrants
  • assess emergency situations
  • do a walkaround vehicle safety check

The test is made up of 5 topics from the Driver CPC syllabus.

You can score up to 20 points for each topic.

To pass you have to score at least 15 out of 20 in each topic area and have an overall score of at least 80 out of 100.

Test result

At the end of your test the examiner will tell you if you’ve passed.

If you fail, you can book another driving test straight away, but you can’t take it for another 3 clear working days.